Saturday, May 23, 2020

A Narrow Fellow in the Grass by Emily Dickinson Essay

A Narrow Fellow in the Grass by Emily Dickinson The poem, â€Å"A Narrow Fellow in the Grass,† by Emily Dickinson is a collaboration of fear and intrigue. The poem is presented through a young boy as he makes his way through cool and damp grassland during the afternoon. The issue the young boy must deal with is the unwelcome encounter with a snake. From the first glimpse of the slithering snake the tone of the poem is set: an uneasiness mood followed by persistent fear. The combination of external conflict and dexterous imagery create the atmosphere of this poem. A Narrow Fellow in the Grass Occasionally rides — You may have met Him – did you not His notice sudden is The Grass divides as with a Comb A spotted†¦show more content†¦In reading this poem one cannot help but absorb the imagery portrayed by the use of descriptive language. Dickinson does an amazing job of using the senses to feel the sensation as if you were there standing beside the boy on that particular day. Through imagery the poem’s mood, understanding and emotions are created. The dominant sensuous appeal of the poem is definitively fear. Whether Emily Dickinson had a fear of snakes, which she portrayed through the boy, the reader will never know but this poem does generate a sense of uneasiness for the reader. Dickinson uses many physical senses to create the ambiance of the poem and through this the poem becomes meaningful to the reader. The most used sense in this particular poem is that of the visual, in which Dickinson uses it in every stanza. The visual sense seems to be the most powerful tool in presenting an idea to someone. Although we will not all create the same picture in our mind we do share the same common or given characteristics. Dickinson describes the snake as it suddenly emerges from the grass and then its outward physical appearance. Then the location is visually created as it is described as a â€Å"boggy acre,† this is where we all create our own picture of the location of the poem. Another appealing visual aspect is the â€Å"Whip lash† unbraiding in the sun, the boy completely unaware of what the ropeShow MoreRelatedA Bird Came Down the Walk, and a Narrow Fellow in the Grass, by Emily Dickinson835 Words   |  4 Pages A bird came down the walk† and â€Å"A narrow fellow in the grass† are both best known poems in the world by Emily Dickinson. Both poems talk about descriptions of nature. â€Å"A bird came down the walk† includes birds and images, true to her usual, easy way to capture the birds personality. Birds become unyielding nature of the mysterious emblem. This poem is a simple experience seeing birds hop down the path and celebrates every detail which is simple but beautifulRead MoreExamples Of Emily Dickinson748 Words   |  3 PagesEmily Dickinson: Ambivalence in Nature Emily Elizabeth Dickinson was an American poet from the mid-nineteenth century. She had lived reclusively with her parents, composing approximately 1,800 known works of poetry. When she tried to get some of them published, they were rejected for their strange punctuation and capitalization. Dickinson refused to change her writing style and eventually gave up on poetry. Only until four years after her death was all of her poetry discovered and published by aRead MoreEssay Emily Dickinsons Use of Nature 728 Words   |  3 PagesEmily Dickinsons Use of Nature Dickinson’s Use of Nature Emily Dickinson uses nature as a major theme in a lot of her poetry. Quite often, Dickinson overlaps the theme of nature with the theme of death as well as love and sexuality, which were the other major themes in her work. Dickinson describes nature in many different ways. She uses is to describe her surroundings and what she sees as well as a metaphor for other themes. In Dickinson’s poem, â€Å"A narrow Fellow in the Grass†, she describesRead MoreEmily Dickinson s Emily And The English Specking World Essay1744 Words   |  7 Pages Emily Dickinson Emily Dickinson is a very well-known poet. Emily wrote many poems. She has written 1700-2000 poems (4) According to Nicolas Tredell, there was â€Å"only eleven poems published during her lifetime.† (4) She did not know about most of them being published. Dickinson’s sister found the poems and turned them in to be published. Emily did not want her poems to be seen. Dickinson is one of the great poets. Her poems were produced by America and the English-specking world (1). Emily had aRead MoreA Narrow Fellow in the Grass - 1 Essay788 Words   |  4 PagesA Narrow Fellow in the Grass By Emily Dickinson. A Narrow Fellow in the Grass Is believed to have been written in 1865. About a year later it was published under the title The Snake by a journal called Springfield Republican. This poem express natures infamous creatures, the snake. The poem is built around what appears to be and what is. This poem is meant to be read aloud and appreciated for its precision. Some would say A Narrow Fellow in the Grass is perhaps the most nearlyRead MoreEssay about Whitman vs. Dickinson759 Words   |  4 PagesWhitman vs. Dickinson Death; termination of vital existence; passing away of the physical state. Dying comes along with a pool of emotions that writers have many times tried to explain. Emily Dickinson and Walt Whitman were two pioneer poets from the Romantic Era, that introduced new, freer styles of writing to modern poetry at the time. Both Whitman and Dickinson have similar ideas in their writing, but each has a unique touch of expression in their works. Both poets have portrayed deathRead MoreAnalysis Of Emily Dickinson s A Narrow Fellow 1246 Words   |  5 PagesA Puzzle for Critics Slithering and hissing while traveling through a grassy garden seems to be what â€Å"A Narrow Fellow† is doing in one of Emily Dickinson’s most well-known poems. However, this poem has proved to be more of an ambiguous puzzle rather than a simple poem depicting a beautifully painted picture of nature. It was one of very few poems that were published during Dickinson’s lifetime. Though this poem seems to be symbolic of something much deeper than the love and appreciationRead MoreEmily Dickinson’s â€Å"the Snake†1972 Words   |  8 PagesJosh Mclawhorn Eng 232 Professor Etheridge 9/24/2012 Emily Dickinson’s â€Å"The Snake† â€Å"The snake† by Emily Dickinson is a 24 line poem describing an encounter with a snake in the grass. The six stanzas of the poem flow together in an ABCB rhyme scheme yet are not formalized into any specific meter. â€Å"The Snake† says that Dickinson shares a friendly and appreciative connection with a snake because it is being of nature, just as she is a being of nature; but even while she appreciates this creature,Read MoreEssay about Nature in the Works of Emily Dickinson1368 Words   |  6 Pages Nature is the most beautiful places for anyone to enjoy peace and stability in the human minds. Emily Dickinson is a naturalist poet that she wants the world to know that peace does exist in the human world and she wants to tell the world. Dickinsons poems are mostly written by nature, love, and death according to Anna Dunlap in her analysis. Dickinsons sister, Lavinia, is the one who published Dickinsons work, on her first attempt the editor that was respo nsible was taking herRead MoreThe Themes of Emily Dickinsons Poetry3970 Words   |  16 PagesThemes of Emily Dickinsons Poetry Emily Dickinson was a great American poet who has had a lasting effect on poetry, yet she was a very complicated poet in the 1860s to understand, because of her thought patterns. Dickinson wrote from life experiences and her deepest thoughts. She wrote for herself as a way of letting out her feelings. Dickinson Wrote 1,775 hundred poems but only published seven in her life time because she did not write poetry for publishing. In fact, Emily Dickinson left a letter

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Animal Rights And The Ethical Treatment Of Animals

The debate of whether or not animals should be allowed to be used as subjects in research, entertainment, or clothing is one of the most controversial issues known in today’s society (Parks 21). Through time, animal rights have acquired several different definitions and opinions from people. Regarding their belief about the true meaning of animal rights, People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals (PETA), a largely recognized animal rights activist organization, states: Animal rights means that animals deserve certain kinds of consideration- consideration of what is in their best interests, regardless of whether they are cute, useful to humans, or an endangered species and regardless of whether any human cares about them at all (just as a mentally challenged human has rights even if he or she is not cute or useful or even if everyone dislikes him or her). It means recognizing that animals are not ours to use- for food, clothing, entertainment, or experimentation. (â€Å"Frequently†) Animals first were used by humans as experiment subjects in Ancient Greece around 500 before the Common Era (BCE) (Coster 12). Animals have complex brains and minds, and compound nervous systems, live in multiplex societies, and show emotions that are often extremely closely related to those of humans (Parks 27). As scientist/philosopher Richard Ryder said, â€Å"To discriminate against others merely because they have a different physical appearance is very unintelligent. Such speciesism is as irrationalShow MoreRelatedAnimal Rights And The Ethical Treatment Of Animals991 Words   |  4 Pagesespecially when it comes to the treatment of animals. The group PETA which stands for People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals is know as the largest animal rights group in the world. With an estimated three million members and supporters the organization believes that â€Å" Animals are not ours to eat. Wear, experiment on, use for entertainment, or abuse in any other way† and figh ts to protects those rights of animals (PETA). PETA was founded in March 1980 by animal rights activist Alex Pacheco andRead MoreAnimal Rights And The Ethical Treatment Of Animals1237 Words   |  5 PagesErasistratus of Alexandria to Galen, who is known as the creator of experimental physiology, animals have been test subjects in experiments for more than two thousand years (Day 35). Every year in the world as many as twenty-two million animals are used for scientific or medical purposes (Day 10). A variety of animals are experimented on, including rats, mice, rabbits, dogs, cats, and primates (Day 10). Those against animal research believe the tests are pointless (Day 10). They presume if the experimentsRead MoreAnimal Rights And The Ethical Treatment Of Animals1801 Words   |  8 Pageseven order the cheese because a cow had to produce milk to make the cheese. The subject of animal rights incites heated debates. On one end of the spectrum would be animal rights organizations like People for the Ethical treatment of Anim als or PETA for short. PETA takes a stance against any use of any animal, even using silk from silk worms. According to this organization, the only tolerable use of an animal is a neutered companion pet in the backyard. On the other end of the spectrum would be theRead MoreAnimal Rights vs Human Morals Essay1468 Words   |  6 Pages Rights come from the ability to think not the ability to suffer. Many people can agree that animals need rights to be able to stay alive and be safe. But ask yourself is that really the only solution to saving animals? In my case, I believe that is not the only solution, for animals to be safe people need to realize it’s their fault animals are put through suffrage. Animal’s lives are put on the line due to the actions of human beings. Animals do not need rights to be protected. Human beings needRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Be Banned From Our Society874 Words   |  4 PagesAnimal Rights Demand Protection My thesis is that animal testing should be banned from our society altogether. Animal rights advocates argue that testing is a subject that has been argued countless amount of times in medical journals, and it has shown that it is a waste of animal lives. Subsequently, processing of a single drug requires more than 50 trials and use of as many as 12,000 animals. Moreover, regardless of the ethical issues that derive from animal testing, the infliction of physical/psychologicalRead MoreEssay about We Need More Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation1416 Words   |  6 PagesWe Need More Animal Research, Testing, and Experimentation    A life can be taken or created in a matter of seconds and with that has come the miracles of modern medicine. People have come to expect science to save lives, prevent illness, relieve suffering and improve the quality of life. The means of curing, treating and preventing diseases are not achieved by magic or accident. Medical advances are gained through years of intensive research -- research in which laboratory animals have playedRead MoreEthical Issues on the Treatment of Animals Essay722 Words   |  3 Pages Animals have always played an essential role in many aspects of this world. Some people look upon these roles with favoritism, some with disgust. Animals are considered different from humans by some people because of their behavior, mannerisms or actions. Some animals are used as food by humans and other animals, while others are trapped for their furs. Many times people acquire animals for pets, only to neglect or mistreat them. For many years, the ethical treatmen t of animals has beenRead MoreShould Animal Testing Be Ethical?1328 Words   |  6 PagesAnimal testing has been an important type of research in various science fields for many years, because it has been able to replicate the results of the research to positively affect humans. It has provided many cures to diseases and many basic products that are mass produced such as lotion, shampoo, sunscreen, etc. Adding on, animal testing is ethical since it follows many guidelines and restrictions made by numerous laws that protect animals from inhumane treatment. Although such testing can provideRead MoreAnimals Like Us By Jonathan Safran Foer1744 Words   |  7 Pagesrelationship with non-human animals. This relationship has always benefitted the needs of humans, with little consideration for animals’ needs. Some animals are tortured for entertainment, some are butchered for food and others are taken from their habitat and family, and forced to be pets for humans. These are all ex amples of the ways humans have exploited animals for their own satisfaction. Hal Herzog’s essay â€Å"Animals Like Us† describes the complicated relationship that humans and animals have, and how difficultRead MoreThe Issue of Ethical Treatment of Animals1441 Words   |  6 PagesAnimal Rights Introduction The issue of ethical treatment of animals has been a subject of discussion for many years and among many scholars. It has raised legal issues especially among the animal care specialists and bodies trying to ensure that there is a standard way of treating animals. Whether the animals are pets or are for food later on, there has been a growing need for the ethical treatment of them all. This is an issue that disturbs many Americans, me included since it is unethical

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Types of Software Systems Free Essays

Types of Software Systems Computers are the brain of new world that belong humanity. People save up time and obtain some functions with computers. In time, the future seen on computers and people pursue them. We will write a custom essay sample on Types of Software Systems or any similar topic only for you Order Now At first, they just consist of a lot of pieces electronic circuits to operate some function such as addition and subtraction. Electronic circuits in other words hardware systems are taken on meaning with software systems to solve more complicated function. Computer software systems are divided into three major categories: system software, programming oftware and application software. The initial section about software systems refers to system software. System software is substratum point on computer system which provide major actions. Other software systems base system software to command their functions. System software includes device drivers, operating systems and servers. Operating systems with other words collection of software resource common services for computer programs. They are the vital system on computer and provide database to application softwares. Device drivers which manage a particular kind of device, are computer program. Considering microphones that attached to computers, they need software to recognise themselves to operating systems. Servers is the system software that relate computers to each others. Internet is formed with server systems. Thus, information is accessible from person to person. The second part of software systems is about programming software. Programming software include tools that is used by software developers, such as create, ebug, maintain, or otherwise support other programs and applications. Computer need compiler which is set of programs for transforming source code into another computer programming language. This transformation create an executable program. In addition, computer debug and test from controller system to avoid bugs. This system is called debugger. Also, interpreters execute instructions written in programming language. They are language and basis of casual programs. Matlab and BAS IC are instances for interpreter. The final section of software systems is application softwares. Application softwares support the user to perform specific tasks. This category of software systems contains user-friendly programs such as media players, office suites, accounting software, graphics software. Application softwares synchronize with system and programming softwares. All in all, system softwares, programming softwares and application softwares are main sections of computer softwares. Computers become functional with these softwares that synchronize hardwares. How to cite Types of Software Systems, Papers

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Penal Code As It Is Mostly Focuses Behaviorâ€Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Penal Code As It Is Mostly Focuses Behavior? Answer: Introduction The Penal Code as it is mostly focuses on the behavior of the most disadvantaged class in the social spectra. In some social stratification, crime is not so noticeable (white-collar crime). This is also known as economic crime, the society is complacent to this type of crime, the authorities attitude towards this type of crime is passive and also people are fascinated by this type of crime because it is complex. Mostly, those involved in white collar crime are well to do people with power, and that is why justice is elusive in this type of crimes (ADLER, 2016). Moral Panic Theory It can be said that there is a specifically criminological area in the criminal reality. There is also a field prior to the crime, an offender receives the criminal stigma when he violates an Act, the Criminology is ahead of the commission of the crime. Not only does it act a priori they also do it a posteriori and even after the fulfillment of the sentence. The perfect example of this theory is social protest over the rise of gasoline in Mexico which had grabbed the attention of the media; Some critics of the system accuse the State of intervening to legitimize institutional violence, the violation of citizens' rights and the controversial decisions of the federal government (Conklin, 2013). The chaos broke out in several cities of the country and the coverage of the national press focused on the actions of social protest around the increase of gasoline. The demonstrations were exacerbated to such a degree that they resulted in looting of shops and supermarkets, as well as vandalism. There are those who attribute this scenario to an orchestration from the same State to legitimize institutional violence, the violation of citizens' rights and the controversial decisions of the federal government; Accuse the existence of infiltrators and clashes, this is a perfect example of of Moral Panic Theory. But, what is it about? Now, an approximation (DeKeseredy, Dragiewicz, 2012). The Moral Panic Theory was formulated by the criminologist who died in 2013, Stanley Cohen. This scholar was a pioneer in focusing his critical analysis on old problems that were invisibilize or despised from traditional studies, which focused on the criminal system. Law Lecturer at the University of Yale, Gabriel Brooke, recounts in a writing that this allowed Cohen to find objects of study traditionally considered outside the strict criminology, such as drug users, the media, fears, Fashions and youth bands. In 1972, the British theorist published his book Folk Devils and Moral Panics: the Making of the Mods and Rockers, where for the first time he tackled the issue of moral panic and how factual powers operate to generate it (Doherty, 2005). This theory consists of: The action (structural reforms) The State generates panic (looters and violence) Some ask for the presence of the State through its forces to restore order. The State enters with its forces (including the army) Result: a) The state is enlarged as a "savior" entity to restore order and creates an apparent peace and tranquility thus diverting attention from the origin of the problem (reforms). b) It justifies the militarization of the country under the pretext of maintaining social peace. c) It ends with protests and demonstrations. No matter the entity of that group of people who have been defined as a threat to the values and interests of society. Its nature is presented in a stylized and stereotyped by the media. They are the "popular demons," especially created by the media themselves that "create alarm" through media coverage (DeKeseredy, Dragiewicz, 2012). Citing Cohen, the expert comments that moral panic differs from mass hysteria because it is framed in terms of morality and is usually expressed more as an attack than a fear. In addition, the moral part is condemnation and social disapproval, and panic is the element of hysteria and exaggeration. The role of the media Likewise, the theory speaks of another fundamental element in the dissemination of moral panic, the media. "The general rule is: no press, no moral panic. The media are platforms of moral panics, which either initiate them themselves or carry the message of other groups "; Hence the importance of verification of information in this age of citizen journalism (Renzetti, 2013). Jock Young, from the University of Kent (New York), explains in "Moral Panic. Its origins in resistance, resentment and translation of fantasy in reality ":" The mass media hold a narrative that stimulates as much as condemnation, which amplifies the problem as much as it provides explanations and generates consequences . This media amplification serves to create a spiral of public fear and indignation, putting pressure on control agencies like the police and magistrates, and creating criminal waves of fantasy but of real consequences; That is, violence and criminal acts are perceived to be greater than those that actually exist. The media coverage and, in turn, the disinformation contribute to "inflate" the problem so that after the "crisis", measures are implemented that compromise in o Conflict Theory Durkheim and Merton: main proponents of functionalist structural theories. Durkheim For Durkheim it is totally normal that there are crimes in the societies, and also the crime has a functional character and that is what society advances with the years. A healthy society is one that has a minimum number of crimes, a society that has no crime is considered to be ill. Merton On the other hand Merton departed from the theories of Durkheim adapting them to the American society. The main goal of society will be material well-being and access to a certain number of social groups. Theories of conflict in criminology On the other hand it is necessary to analyze and study conflict theories, these theories disagree with functionalist structural theories and make a series of criticisms to the same ones saying that they are theories that are unrelated to the reality, it is not normal that they think that the crime Is something normal in society and it is necessary to exist in it (Parmelee, 2011). For conflict theory, the existence of a law that represents the values of different social classes is necessary. The existence of a criminal justice that will be one that puts some necessary mechanisms of social control. On the other hand the social behaviors or that are deviated are consequence of the existent inequalities in the society due to the different existing classes. Theories of conflict are of different types and very diverse In the first place we find the theory of cultural conflict: The main author of this theory is Taft. For this theory there are a number of contradictions in society, there is a double standard, so the existence of criminality is normal. Secondly the theory of social conflict: In societies there are different social groups which have different values, this has caused over the years different historical conflicts. As a result of these facts originates criminality. Third, we find Marxist theories: For these theories crime is produced by the existence of capitalist societies. The existence of a criminal law will serve simply to help the upper classes and oppress the workers.Theories of faulty social structure consider that the primary or primary cause of crime is the instability of social structures and institutions, with crime being a consequence of social organization. Anomia, sociological concept formulated by the French social theorist mile Durkheim, is the absence of norms in the individual. In his work The division of social work (1893), Durkheim postulated that anomia or anomie is the evil that a society suffers because of the absence of moral and legal rules, absence that is due to the economic imbalance or the weakening of its institutions , And which implies a low degree of integration. In Suicide: A Sociological Study (1897), he analyzed the relationship of the individual to the norms and values of the society in which he lives, and his acceptance and internalization. For Durkheim, the anomie is greater when the bonds that unite the individuals with the social groups or collectivities are not strong nor constant. Durkheim's work influenced American sociology, especially Robert K. Merton, who identified the anomie with the deviation, the individual's conflict with the contradiction that arises between the goals or goals that have been proposed and the existing means, in Function of the place that occupies in the social stratification. Merton defines 5 modes of adaptation: conformity (acceptance of ends and means), innovation (rejection of the means), ritualism (rejection of goals), rebellion (rejection of both but with an alternative proposal) and withdrawal Without alternative proposal). This confrontation between cultural goals and the possibility of using institutional means or legitimate ways is the one that produces the tendency towards the anomie and the divergent behavior (Lanier, Henry, 2004). The most noteworthy of Merton's theoretical analysis is the possible explanation for the correlations between variables such as crime and poverty. Poverty would entail limiting opportunities, bu t both would not be sufficient to explain crime. It is the association of poverty constraints (which hinders competition for cultural values) which, together with the cultural importance of success as the predominant goal, encourage criminal behavior. The Italian-Argentine sociologist Gino Germani studied the phenomenon of anomie, which divided into objective (psychological anomie) and subjective (structural anomie). For Germani, the main cause of this phenomenon is the rapid change of structures (of generation, ecological, cultural, social), the lack of norms or the conflict with those in force (Lanier, Henry, 2004). Anomia in a society or social group can lead to pathological reactions in individuals, such as suicide, crime, delinquency or prostitution. The theory of inequality of opportunity involves a combination of anomie, that of differential association and that of subcultures. Cloward and Ohlin admit the existence of deep inequalities between the different social classes when it comes to legitimately accessing culturally and socially accepted goals. Members of the most depressed groups would use illegitimate means to achieve their goals (Newburn, 2012). But the innovation of these authors is to consider that young people do not access illegitimate means in the same way. The acquisition of a conformist role or role will be determined by a variety of factors, such as economic position, age, sex, race, personality, etc. Only in those neighborhoods where crime appears in a stable and institutionalized way will there be a fertile field of learning for the young (Marxist criminology, 2011). Three types of delinquent subcultures are distinguished according to the different types of neighborhoods of the lower class: Criminal subculture: in stable low class neighborhoods, where antisocial behavior is accepted as normal. Subculture of conflict: in less stable neighborhoods. The use of violence is promoted to access a privileged status. Subculture of withdrawal or abandonment: there are individuals who fail in the two types of opportunities (legitimate or illegitimate). They will choose alternative life forms to their community around drugs, alcohol or other forms of evasion. Sociological theories of the criminal phenomenon Mans behavior have always been the object of study and criticism. Criminality, because it is a complex social phenomenon, has generated a wide diversity of theories that try to explain the human behavior and that at the same time give us different perspectives of the criminal reality. The modern Criminal Sociology is not limited to emphasize the importance of the medium in the genesis of criminality but contemplates the criminal fact as a social phenomenon and pretends to explain the same according to a certain theoretical framework. In this chapter will be exposed the various theoretical currents that from Sociology changed the analytical panorama of criminality. The victimological problem has been discussed from different approaches, social and legal. Discussions have been made from an economic approach, reparations to victims, but this is a partial aspect of that complex relationship, more important than talking about an economic aspect, would be to analyze that link between the protagonists of the crime. The personality of the offender has always been the subject of investigation. The factors of personality are the fundamental factors in the genesis of crime, it makes psychology have an important function (Renzetti, 2013). Criminology recognizes the offender and tells how to fight him. All studies have focused on the figure of the delinquent, has always sought to seek the justification of crime in pathological characters, has sought something that distinguishes the criminal from the non-criminal.In 1961 a chromosomal malformation (XYY chromosome) is discovered to have found the cause of criminality, while taking into account the psychopathological structures of criminality. The delinquent has been much talked about, has tried to portray the delinquent physically, also its psychic characteristics, thus it will be affirmed that it has a degree of neuroticism, predisposition to risk, spontaneous aggressiveness, impulsive, etc ... Conclusion crime is not patrimony of a social class. The man participates in more criminal activities than the woman, the growth rates of female crime are increasing. The adults commit crimes more serious than the young. Juvenile criminality is more widespread than official statistics affirm. Young people are today victims of crime in proportion greater than the elderly (Stroebe, Kruglanski, Bar-Tal, Hewstone, 2012). It shows a failure of the criminal control of the crime, this is due to a plurality of factors, Can not be individualized in concrete instances of control, is a generalized failure. It is observed that there is a black figure of greater proportion in light offenses S in front of the bass. References ADLER, F. (2016).CRIMINOLOGY. [Place of publication not identified]: MCGRAW-HILL EDUCATION. Beirne, P. (2007).Criminology. New York: Oxford University Press. Belloc, H. (1923).On. London: Methuen. Conklin, J. (2013).Criminology. Boston: Pearson. DeKeseredy, W., Dragiewicz, M. (2012).Routledge handbook of critical criminology. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. Doherty, M. (2005).Criminology. London: Old Bailey. Eagly, A., Baron, R., Hamilton, V. (2010).Social psychology of group identity and social conflict. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association. Hagan, F.Introduction to criminology. Lanier, M., Henry, S. (2004).Essential criminology. Boulder Colo.: Westview. Marxist criminology. (2011). [Place of publication not identified]. Newburn, T. (2012).Key readings in criminology. London: Routledge. Parmelee, M. (2011).Criminology. New York, NY: Barnes Noble Digital Library. Renzetti, C. (2013).Key Ideas in Criminology : Feminist Criminology. Taylor and Francis. Stroebe, W., Kruglanski, A., Bar-Tal, D., Hewstone, M. (2012).The social psychology of intergroup conflict. Berlin [u.a.]: Springer.

Tuesday, March 24, 2020

The Threat Of Islamic Terrorism Essays - Terrorism, Organized Crime

The Threat of Islamic Terrorism The Threat of Islamic Terrorism With the collapse of the Soviet Union in the early 1990's and the cold war over, the international community seemed to be on the threshold of an era of unprecedented peace and prosperity. Instead, a new series of problems was created, like ethnic conflicts, weapons proliferation, environmental problems, population growth, drug trafficking, and terrorism. Terrorism, as defined by Title 22 of the United States code, section 2656f(d), is the "pre-meditated, politically motivated violence perpetrated against noncombatant targets by subnational groups or clandestine agents, usually intended to influence and audience." Islamic terrorism is a serious problem for the United States because of the threat to national security, the safety of innocent civilians, and the foundations of democratic societies throughout the world. Most of the Islamic world view the West, especially the United States, as the foremost corrupting influence on the Islamic world today. The Hizballah have taken this further by labeling the Unites States as "the Great Satan."(22) This growing animosity the Islamic nations feel toward the Western world has been continually demonstrated by the increase in international terrorism. However, Muslims do not view their actions as acts of terrorism, but self defense and their religious duty. The Islamic radical movements main success or failure has been their ability to gain legitimacy from the general public or from the greater part of it in each Muslim country.(14) During the past two decades, they have had enormous success with their ability to present themselves to the Arab and Muslim world as the true bearers of Islam. They appeal to the lower class due to the shared resentment of wealthy westerners while the middle class and intellectuals are drawn toward these radical groups in order to expel imported ideologies and forms of government(*). Radical Islamic organizations have declared a holly war , Jihad, in order to bring the Arab world together and take their place as a world power. In order to accomplish these goals, these Islamic radicals have mainly used terrorism as their main instrument of persuasion. The biggest and most active terrorist organizations are those which are state funded. These organizations act as both an overt and covert way of spreading the sponsor countries ideologies. The U.S. Secretary of State has designated seven governments as state sponsors of terrorism: Cuba, Iran, Iraq, Libya, North Korea, Sudan, and Syria.(13) These governments support international terrorism either by engaging in terrorist activity themselves or by providing arms, training, safe haven, diplomatic facilities, financial backing, logistic and/or support to terrorists.(13) Iran is one of the most active state sponsors of terrorism, involving themselves in the planning and execution of terrorist acts by its own agents and by surrogates such as the Hizballah. Tehran conducted 13 assassinations in 1997, the majority of which were carried out in northern Iraq against the regime's main opposition groups. An example occurred in January 1997, when Iranian agents tried to attack the Baghdad headquarters of Mujahedin-e Khalq using a supermortar. Despite sanctions and foreign political pressure, Iran continues to provide support in the form of training, money, and weapons to a variety of terrorist groups, such as Hizballah, HAMAS, and the PIJ.(13) Sudan is another large supporter of terrorist organizations. The Sudanese Government supports terrorists by providing paramilitary training, indoctrinization, money, travel documents, safe passage, and refuge. They also condone many of the objectionable activities of Iran, such as funneling assistance to terrorist and radical Islamic groups operating in and transiting through Sudan.(13) Since Sudan was placed on the United States' list of state sponsors of terrorism in 1993, the Sudanese Government still harbors members of the most violent international terrorists and radical Islamic groups.(13) The countries of the middle east have found terrorism beneficial for many reasons. First, terrorism is an inexpensive alternative to fighting a war, while still spreading their ideology and advancing their political agenda. However, defending against terrorism is very expensive; the United States spends approximately five billion dollars annually to guard against terrorism.(11) Random terrorist acts cause a great amount of psychological damage to the target area. Even though terrorism kills relatively few people, the random nature by which innocent civilian are killed evokes a deep fear and insecurity upon the population. This form of terrorism was successfully used to target tourism and the economy of Egypt in 1997. Publicity is another benefit of terrorism. By involving acts which are designed to attract maximum publicity, terrorism can bring the smallest group to the forefront of attention.(22) All this is done while exposing the terrorist to minimal risk when compared to war. By secretly funding terrorist organization, the patron state avoids the possibility of defeat and

Friday, March 6, 2020

Why Water Is More Dense Than Ice

Why Water Is More Dense Than Ice Water is unusual in that its maximum density occurs as a liquid, rather than as a solid. This means ice floats on water. Density is the mass per unit volume of a material. For all substances, density changes with temperature. The mass of material does not change, but the volume or space that it occupies either increases or decreases with temperature. The vibration of molecules increases as temperature rises and they absorb more energy. For most substances, this increases the space between molecules, making warmer liquids less dense than cooler solids. Its All About Hydrogen Bonds However, this effect is offset in water by hydrogen bonding. In liquid water, hydrogen bonds connect each water  molecule to approximately 3.4 other water molecules. When water freezes into ice, it crystallizes into a rigid lattice that increases the space between molecules, with each  molecule hydrogen bonded to 4 other molecules.

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Multiaxial Diagnosis of Joseph Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

Multiaxial Diagnosis of Joseph - Case Study Example This is a sign of delusion where inpatient assume that people are reading their thoughts and trying to harm them in some way. In psychotic disorder, at times people can look calm and may not project themselves to be a patient. They behave like a normal person and only when they converse about their experience clinician can identify the problem. Joseph had been reported saying that his upstairs neighbors read his thoughts and left negative comments like â€Å"You are no good!† and â€Å"Lisa wants nothing to do with you!† "Why don't you just leave!".  According to DSM people suffering from the psychotic disorder can suffer from delusion and feel like people are saying things related to him and they also feel to have supernatural powers. Joseph is reported to feel like have telepathic powers which are a sign of delusion and hallucination. .â€Å" Delusions are false beliefs that significantly hinder a persons ability to function.   For example, believing that people are trying to hurt you when there is no evidence of this, or believing that you are somebody else, such as Jesus Christ or Cleopatra.   Hallucinations are false perceptions.   They can be visual, auditory, olfactory or tactile†(Heffner, 2002). According to DSM people with psychotic disorder suffer from abnormal thinking and perceptions. Joseph thinks that the people on the street could read his mind and understand the plans he had made for himself. He specifies that when he was in the kitchen and planning the dinner menu, the person on the street already shouted the menu. When people suffer from psychotic problems they lose touch with the real world and assume things which are imaginary and delusive. Joseph had a past occurrence of the psychological problem in college days where he received counseling for the same. This shows that he was susceptible to mental disorder and the major stress of unemployment triggered a psychotic situation in him.